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Town Halls: Answer to Nepal’s Democratic Challenges
Th e country’s present democratic practice doesn’t provide people opportunity to interact with their elected
representatives and hold them accountable for their (mis) conduct. The opportunity to cast a vote in a five-year electoral cycle has failed to make the system accountable. This problem is not unique to Nepal; dissatisfaction with government is a global phenomenon (Norris, 1999). Countries are responding to this problem, identified as democratic deficit, by initiating constitutional reform, structural reform in political parties,
electoral reform, and greater public access to government information. Recently, Nepal went beyond all these reforms; from 2006 to September 2015, it was engaged in engineering a new constitution with the objective of making it a secular federal republic with mixed electoral system.